NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 1
Oral Comprehension Check
Question 1. What did Lencho hope for?
Answer: Lencho hoped for rain because his crop of corn has matured and required rain.
Question 2. Why did Lencho say the raindrops were like ‘new coins’?
Answer: Lencho resembles raindrops as ‘new coins’ for two reasons. First, the raindrops spark as new coins. Second, his livelihood depends on the farm conditions which rely on rain.
Question 3. How did the rain change? What happened to Lencho’s fields?
Answer: The enjoyable rain changed into hailstorms. The flowers and leaves were gone. These hailstorms destroyed the crop of Lencho’s field.
Question 4. What were Lencho’s feelings when the hail stopped?
Answer: When the hail stopped, Lencho became upset because all of his crops were destroyed. All his labor was of no use. He was worried thinking about what he will feed his family next year. He could foresee a gloomy future for him and his family.
Question 5. Who or what did Lencho have faith in? What did he do?
Answer: Lencho had a deep faith in God. So, he wrote a letter to God to help him with his situation. He was asking for a hundred pesos to sow his field again and to sustain his family until the next harvest.
Question 6. Who reads the letter?
Answer: The postmaster reads the letter and then shows it to the postmaster.
Question 7. What did the postmaster do after reading a letter?
Answer: After reading Lencho’s letter the postmaster laughed but soon he turned serious. He admired the faith of Lencho’s in God, so he came up with a plan to collect money. He asked for money from his fellow employees , put a part of his salary and his friends also contributed as charity. Then he send the money to Lencho on behalf of God.
Question 8. Was Lencho surprised to find a letter for him with money in it?
Answer: No, Lencho was not surprised to find a letter for him with money in it as he had a great faith in God.
Question 9. What made Lencho angry?
Answer: The number of pesos was less than which he had requested. Therefore, he was angry.
Thinking about the Text
Question 1. Who does Lencho have complete faith in? Which sentences in the story tell you this?
Answer: Lencho has complete faith in God. The following sentence from the story tell us about this:
- “God”, he wrote, “if you don’t help me, my family and I will go hungry this year”.
- He wrote ‘To God’ on the envelope, put the letter inside and still troubled, went to town.
- Lencho showed not the slightest surprise on seeing the money; such was his confidence.
- God could not have made a mistake, nor could he have denied Lencho what he had requested.
Question 2. Why does the postmaster send money to Lencho? Why does he sign the letter God?
Answer: The postmaker sends money to Lencho because he was impressed by his faith in God. He does not want to shake his faith. He collected money from various sources and sent them to Lenchan. He signed the letter on behalf of God so Lencho’s faith in God remains alive.
Question 3. Did Lencho try to find out who had sent the money to him? Why or why not?
Answer: Lencho did not try to find out who had sent the money to him. This is because his faith in God was firm. He believed that God would respond to his request and provide him the money he needed.
Question 4. Who does Lencho think has taken the rest of the money? What is the irony in the situation? (Remember that the irony of a situation is an unexpected aspect of it. An ironic situation is strange or amusing because it is the opposite of what is expected).
Answer: Lencho thinks the post office employees have taken the rest of the money. The irony in the situation is that the post office employees are the ones who collected money and sent it to him and even called them ‘bunch of crooks’.
Question 5. Are there people like Lencho in the real world? What kind of a person would you say he is? You may select appropriate words from the box to answer the question.
Greedy, Naive, Stupid ,Ungrateful, Selfish, Comical ,Unquestioning
Answer: Yes, it is possible that there are people like Lencho in the real world. He had a deep and unquestionable faith in God. He was not selfish or greedy but simply naive.
Question 6. There are two kinds of conflict in the story between humans and nature and between humans themselves. How are these conflicts illustrated?
Answer: After reading the story, we can say there are two types of conflict between humans and nature and between humans themselves. These conflicts are illustrated in the following points:
Conflict between Humans and Nature: This conflict can better be illustrated when rain turned into a hailstorm and destroyed Lencho’s whole crops.
Conflict between Humans and Humans: This conflict can be illustrated by the time when post office employees sent money to Lencho and he felt that he got fewer pesos because they stole it and called them a ‘ bunch of crooks ‘.
Thinking about Language
There are different names in different parts of the world for storms, depending on their nature. Can you match the names in the box with their descriptions below, and fill in the blanks?
Gale, whirlwind, cyclone, hurricane, tornado, typhoon.
Question 1. A violent tropical storm in which strong winds move in a circle __c__.
Question 2. An extremely strong wind __a__ .
Question 3. A violent tropical storm with very strong wind __p__ .
Question 4. A violent storm whose center is a cloud in the shape of a funnel __n__.
Question 5. A violent storm with very strong winds, especially in the Western Atlantic Ocean __r__.
Question 6. A very strong wind that moves very fast in a spinning movement and causes a lot of damage __i__.
Question 7. Match the sentences in column A with the meaning of ‘hope’ in column B.
|1.||Will you get the subjects you want to study in college? I hope so.||thinking that this would happen (it may or may not have happened.)|
|2.||I hope you don’t mind my saying this but I don’t like the way you are arguing.||showing concern that what you say should not offend or disturb the other person is a way of being polite.|
|3.||This discovery will give new hope to HIV/AIDS sufferers.||a feeling that something good will probably happen|
|4.||We were hoping against hope that the judges would not notice our mistakes.||wishing for something to happen, although this is very unlikely.|
|5.||I called early in the hope of speaking to her before she went to school.||wanting something to happen (and thinking it quite possible)|
|6.||Just when everybody had given up hope, the fishermen came back, seven days after the cyclone.||stopped believing that this good thing would happen.|
Join the sentences given below using who, whom, whose, which, as suggested.
Question 1. I often go to Mumbai. Mumbai is the commercial capital of India, (which)
Answer: I often go to Mumbai which is the commercial capital of India.
Question 2. My mother is going to host a TV show on cooking. She cooks very well, (who)
Answer: My Mother, who cooks very well, is going to host a TV show on cooking.
Question 3. These sportsperson are going to meet the President. Their performance has been excellent, (whose)
Answer: These sportspersons, whose performance has been excellent, is going to meet the President.
Question 4. Lencho prayed to God. His eyes see into our minds, (whose)
Answer: Lencho prayed to God, whose eyes see into our minds.
Question 5. This man cheated me. I trusted him. (whom)
Answer: This man whom I trusted cheated me.
Find sentences in the story with negative words, which express the following ideas emphatically.
(a) The trees lost all their leaves.
Ans. Not a leaf remained on the trees.
(b) The letter was addressed to God himself.
Ans. It was nothing less than a letter to God.
(c) The postman saw this address for the first time in his career.
Ans. Never in his career as a postman had he seen that address.
In pairs, find metaphors from the story to complete the table below. Try to say what qualities are being compared. One has been done for you.
|Object||Metaphor||Quality or Feature Compared|
|Cloud||Huge mountains of clouds||The mass or ‘hugeness’ of mountains|
|Raindrops||New coins||Money that a good crop will bring|
|Hailstones ||Frozen pearls||brightness of pearls|
|Locusts||a plague of locusts||An epidemic (a disease) that spreads very rapidly and leaves many people dead|
|Lencho||An ox of a man||strong|
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