Civics- political parties class 10 notes
Why Do We Need Political Parties?
- They are organizations that support the effective application of democratic values and tenets.
- They are a group of people united by shared ideas who run for office and hold significant positions in the administration.
- They are the primary political group, and they have leaders, engaged members, and supporters.
Functions of Political Parties
Political parties occupy positions of power and use that authority. Parties accomplish this by carrying out the various tasks listed below:
- Elections are run by parties.
- Voters select among the various ideas and programs that the parties have put forth.
- Parties have a significant impact on how laws are created for a nation.
- Governments are founded and run by parties.
- The parties that don’t win elections act as an opposition to the parties in power by expressing dissident opinions and denouncing the administration’s mistakes or bad policies.
- Public opinion is shaped by parties.
- People can access government resources through parties, including social programs run by governments.
The Necessity of Political Parties
Political parties are necessary because they carry out all the aforementioned duties. Political parties also assist in representing differing points of view to the government on a variety of problems. They bring together numerous representatives in order to establish a responsible government. They serve as a tool to help or hinder the government, create policies, and support or counter them. The requirements of every representative government are met by political parties.
Also Read – outcomes-of-democracy-class-10-notes
How Many Parties Should We Have?
- One-party, two-party, and multiparty systems are the three main categories of party structures.
- Only one party is permitted to dominate and manage the government in many nations, yet this is not a democratic alternative because there is no opportunity for a fair contest.
- Power is exchanged between the two parties in a two-party system. Other parties are permitted to attend but do not receive a majority vote in legislation. as in the United Kingdom
- In a multi-party system, more than two parties have a decent possibility of winning the presidency either via internal strength or through a coalition with other parties. The National Democratic Alliance, the United Progressive Alliance, and the Left Front were three of these significant alliances in India’s 2004 legislative elections.
- The Election Commission must receive registration forms from each party in the nation. For large and well-established events, it provides some extra amenities. The percentage of votes and seats that a party needs to receive to be recognized as a party are specified in detail by the Election Commission.
- A party is recognized as a state party if it receives at least 2 seats and at least 6% of the vote in a state’s legislative assembly election.
- A party is recognized as a national party if it wins at least 4 seats in the Lok Sabha and receives at least 6% of the vote in the Lok Sabha or the Assembly elections in 4 States.
- The remaining parties are categorized by the Election Commission as “State parties” with the exception of the six state parties. They go by the name of regional parties as well.
- Political organizations at the national level, much of the Samajwadi Party, Samata Party, and Rashtriya Janata Dal, have branches in numerous states. Biju Janata Dal, Sikkim Democratic Front, and Mizo National Front are a few of these parties that are aware of their state identities.
Challenges to Political Parties
- Parties’ lack of internal democracy. Parties don’t frequently convene organizational meetings, maintain membership lists, or perform internal elections.
- Since most political parties do not operate in an open and transparent manner, there are very few opportunities for a regular worker to advance to the top of a party. Top positions are consistently held by members of one family in numerous political parties.
- The third issue is the expanding influence of money and force within parties, particularly during elections. Parties frequently take shortcuts to win elections since their sole concentration is on doing so. Parties have been known to back candidates who can win elections.
- Parties are not perceived by the public as meaningful voting options. In other cases, voters are unable to choose significantly distinct leaders because the same group of individuals continually switch from one party to another.
How Can Parties Be Reformed?
- In order to prevent elected MLAs and MPs from switching parties, the Constitution was changed.
- The Supreme Court issued a directive to lessen the power of organized crime and money. Every candidate running for office must now submit an AFFIDAVIT with information on his property and any criminal charges that may be brought against him.
- Political parties must perform their internal elections and file their income tax returns, according to a rule issued by the Election Commission.
Political Science Chapter 6 for political parties class 10 notes covers political parties’ nature and operation, particularly in nations like India. A political party is a collection of individuals who band together to run for office and control the government. Political Parties play a role in our society and as such, “Partisanship” is involved. The political parties are recognized by the ideologies they uphold, the policies they back, and the people whose interests they represent.
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